Govt. Regulation

Private Detectives Agencies (Regulation) Bill, 2007


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Currently, there are no laws governing the behavior of private detectives or institutions. The bill establishes a system that licenses them and regulates their behavior. Establish a central regulatory agency for private detectives for the purposes of the bill. It may consist of 5 to 7 members, including a chair appointed for a three-year term. The bill stipulates that the central government cannot appoint officials below the rank of Joint Secretary to the Government of India as chairman.



Highlights of the Bill


  1. Private Detective Agency (Regulation) Bill 2007 provides for the regulation and authorization of private detective agencies operating in India.
  2. All private detective agencies require a license for their work. Licenses are issued by regulatory agencies established at the central and state levels.
  3. Private detective agencies are Indian citizens, 21 years of age or older, and may hire an individual as an agent if they meet certain requirements regarding background, education, and physical fitness.
  4. The agency must maintain a registration of certain information, such as the names and addresses of its managers, employees, and clients. She also records employee salaries and points of work done for clients.
  5. Agents who violate an individual's right to privacy and freedom will be punished with imprisonment and fines.


Key Issues and Analysis


  1. A "valid license" applies as a private detective agency. This will prevent the bill from applying to people who work without a license.
  2. Violations of an individual's personality rights are now being punished. So far, India's right to privacy has been defined only from the perspective of government oversight.
  3. In many other countries that regulate private detectives, agents are authorized rather than agents.
  4. The bill stipulates that private detectives must be Indian citizens. Such a requirement does not exist in similar legislation in some other countries.
  5. Non-Indian citizens must not retain control of the agency. Many other sectors in India do not have this requirement. The bill also does not explicitly prohibit foreign ownership of the majority.
  6. In certain situations, the government can revoke a license without consulting the licensing authority. This is different from practice in some other countries.


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